Addressing hunger prerequisite for sustainable human development in sub-Saharan Africa, according to the UNDP report
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Sub-Saharan Africa can not sustain its current economic boom, when hunger, eliminates nearly a quarter of those affected, the United Nations Program for Development (UNDP) holds Africa in the recently released Human Development Report 2012. Towards a food secure future
impressive growth rates of GDP
in Africa, not in the eradication of hunger and malnutrition. Inclusive growth and people-centered approaches are important for food security, UNDP Administrator Helen Clark said in today’s release, accompanied by Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki.
argument that policies focused on agriculture alone is not going to end well food insecurity, the report calls for new approaches to multiple sectors. infrastructure of rural health services, new forms of social protection and strengthen local communities Ensure that the poor and vulnerable have more to say through the local government and the strengthening of civil society groups it is also necessary to ensure food security for all.
rapid change and new economic growth on the continent, this is an opportune time to act, says the report.
It is a cruel paradox that in a world of surplus food, hunger and malnutrition remain pervasive in a continent with enormous agricultural bases, says Tegegnework Gettu, Director of UNDP Africa Bureau.
have another paradox, high economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa in recent years, some of the world’s fastest and improvements in life expectancy and education does not lead to adequate improvements in food safety.
malnourished with over one in four of its 856 million people, is still sub-Saharan Africa is the region most food insecure. So far, over 15 million people at risk in the Sahel belt only in semi-arid Senegal remain in Chad and an equal number in the Horn of Africa vulnerable after last year’s food crisis in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia.
hunger and malnutrition. extended not only devastate families and communities in the short term, but a legacy to future generations affected livelihoods and undermines human development
food security, as defined in 1996 the leaders of the World Food Summit means that people always have access to adequate food and nutrition. their dietary needs for an active and healthy life at a price you can afford can
freedom allows people to lead productive lives and fulfill their potential. In turn, higher levels of human development continue to improve the availability of food, creating a virtuous cycle for everyone.
to build food security measures
build a food-secure future for all Africans can only be achieved if efforts to cover the entire development agenda, said Helen Clark.
While recognizing that there are no quick fixes, the report argues that food security can be achieved through immediate action in four critical areas:
increase agricultural productivity: With a population projected to exceed two billion at some point after 2050, sub-Saharan Africa need to produce more food and ease tensions that places of agricultural production on the environment.
end decades of bias against agriculture and women, countries must take action with farmers inputs, infrastructure and incentives to enable them to increase productivity.
encourage innovative and entrepreneurial spirit of Africa’s growing youth population continues to stimulate the rural economy is particularly important.
two thirds of Africans living working the land, encourage measures to promote agricultural productivity, economic growth, attracting people from poverty through job and income, and save their ability to invest in the future. It will support the sustainable use of land and water resources.
These measures can make a difference. Ghana was the first sub-Saharan country in Africa to achieve the Millennium Development Goal One of halving hunger by 2015, partly by focusing on measures to encourage cocoa farmers to boost production. Malawi became a food deficit into a surplus of 1.3 million tonnes in two years thanks to a massive seed subsidy program for fertilizers.
more effective nutrition: Countries have coordinated interventions, improve nutrition, and increase access to health services, education, sanitation and drinking water to develop. The report cites studies showing that maternal education is a powerful factor in explaining lower rates of child malnutrition than household income.
Senegal, coordinated and directed in various ministries, through increased domestic food budget was supported helped reduce the incidence of malnutrition among children – 34 to 20 percent between 1990 and 2005. In Tanzania, through similar efforts completed infants whose mothers received supplements in the first three months of their pregnancy periods more education.
Resilience Building: Getting food from farm to table is connected in SSA with risks. Countries should take measures to reduce the vulnerability of individuals and communities to natural disasters and civil conflicts, seasonal changes and volatile food prices and climate change.
The report recommends
social protection programs such as crop insurance, the employment guarantee schemes and cash transfers to protect all people from these risks and increase revenue.
Kenya, for example, has a system of drought insurance payments to farmers in precipitation is controlled by weather stations offers developed. Another example is Mozambiques input fairs to cover the seed in families affected by drought.
social justice and empowerment
: Achieving food security in sub-Saharan Africa will remain out of reach unless the rural poor, especially women, who play an important role in food production, they have more control over their own lives, according to the report.
ensure access to land, markets and information is an important step to strengthen. Closing the gender gap is especially important if women have access to inputs as men, yields per cent increase over 20
access to technology can play an important role in channeling halberdiers power play. reduce transaction costs and increase their bargaining power The Ethiopia Commodity Exchange, for example, use SMS to spread to see price farmers receive 20,000 calls a day, a telephone hotline that answers your questions.
access must be accompanied by greater participation in social debate. This is in turn is related to greater accountability of governments and other organizations.
For too long the face of Africa is one of hunger dehumanization. The time for change is long, the report said.
Africa has the knowledge, the technology and the means to end hunger and food shortages, says Tegegnework Gettu.
The challenge is big, time is short, and the investment required is considerable, but the potential gains for human development in the region are immense, says the report.
To download the report, visit: http://www.afhdr.org
available broadcast material. Please contact Boaz Paldi, +1 212 906 6801, Boaz (dot) Paldi (at) UNDP (dot) org
ABOUT THIS REPORT: The Human Development Report is published African editorially independent Development Program of the United Nations.
UNDP partnership to help people at all levels of society, build nations, to survive the crisis can go, and the maintenance and growth rate
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